On August 5, 2014, Canada and the European Union agreed on the final text of a free trade agreement. The text was received by EU member states and Canadian provinces and territories. Discover new ways to expand your international presence. Canada`s broad (and growing) commercial network provides Canadian businesses with preferential access to various markets around the world. This page examines Canada`s Free Trade Agreement (FTA), Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements (FIPA), multilateral agreements and World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. Note: The texts of the treaty on this page are exclusively for information; the official texts of the treaties are published in the “Treaty of Canada” series. The government has also signed an economic framework agreement with Japan and about 25 bilateral investment agreements. Canada is regularly referred to as a trading nation, with total trade accounting for more than two-thirds of its GDP (the second highest level in the G7 after Germany).   Of all of this trade, approximately 75% are wiretapped with countries that are part of free trade agreements with Canada, particularly with the United States through the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
 At the end of 2014, bilateral trade in Canada reached $1 trillion for the first time.  Learn about Canada`s trade policy and key trade priorities, including how access to foreign markets is essential to our prosperity. Canada is currently conducting exploratory discussions on bilateral or multilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and trading blocs, although formal negotiations have not yet begun: The North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico came into force on January 1, 1994 and created, after GDP, the world`s largest free trade region. Until 2014, NAFTA`s GDP was estimated at more than $20 trillion, with a market of 474 million people.   Based on this success, Canada continues to negotiate free trade agreements with more than 40 countries and has free trade agreements, most recently with South Korea, Canada`s first free trade agreement with an Asia-Pacific partner. Since 2018, Canada has also concluded two other important multilateral trade agreements: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union and the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) agreement with 10 other Pacific countries.  On September 21, 2017, CETA was provisionally implemented, immediately removing 98% of the EU`s customs positions on Canadian products.  Canada is currently the only G7 country to have free trade agreements with all other G7 countries. Free trade with the last G7 country, Japan, began with the entry into force of the CPTPP on 30 December 2018. On 27 April 2009, EU member states adopted a negotiating mandate for the implementation of a new economic free trade agreement between the EU and Canada: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Negotiations were officially launched at the EU-Canada Summit in Prague, Czech Republic, on 6 May 2009.
The first meeting on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union was held on June 10, 2009. The first round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 19 to 23, 2009. On January 18, 2010, Canada and the European Union met in Brussels for the second round of negotiations. The third round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from April 19 to 23, 2010. The fourth took place in Brussels from 12 to 16 July, the fifth in Ottawa from 18 to 22 October 2010, and the sixth round of negotiations took place in Brussels from 17 to 21 January 2011.